Memorials The Friedrichstrasse memorial to Jewish children deported from Germany between 1938 and 1945. The New Synagogue on Oranienburgstrasse was protected from destruction by Nazis in November 1938 by a German policeman who, in a state where persecution of the Jews was being legitimised, question their moral authority to do so. Stumble stones in the Jewish area serve as reminders of families who used to live at addresses but who never returned after the war’s end. A memorial to German women who protested against the arrest and detention of their Jewish husbands. These men were subsequently released. Berlin’s memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe. It was built on the site of Hitler’s Reichschancellery complex.